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Avocado 101: THE BASICS
Plural of Avocado. Here's how to remember the plural of avocado, tee hee. "One avocado is good, enough avocados for guacamole is even better."
Other Names for Avocado. Also called Avocado Pear, Alligator Pear (it's that nubbly skin), Butter Fruit.
The Season. California avocados are harvested December through August, exactly when depends on the variety. Since avocados are imported from Mexico, avocados are easily available year-round thus veiling the apparence of season. Still, "late season" avocados are richer than "early season" avocados, it might be one way to tell!
New-World Origins. Avocados originated in the jungles of Central America, that makes them a so-called "New World" food. Those enormous pits inside? They're the food source for new avocado trees that must fight to find light in a dense jungle.  Some theorize that the dense-calorie fruit adapted to appeal to large animals with high calorie requirements. 
Botanically Speaking. Like tomatoes, avocados are fruits not vegetables even if we treat them them as vegetables. Avocados belong to the laurel family, the trees go back and forth, producing bumper crops of 200 - 300 avocados one year and smaller crops the next.
New Word! "Climateric" Avocados are a "climateric" fruit, this means that avocados ripen on the tree but soften for eating off the tree, after they're picked. (Other common climateric fruits? Apples, bananas, apricots and tomatoes.) 
Ripeness vs Softness. It's easy to think of a hard avocado as "unripe". Instead, it's actually ripe but just needs some time off the tree to soften for eating.